Softwood cuttings: Can be taken throughout the spring into the summer.
Semi-ripe cuttings: Can be taken in late summer, they benefit from having some bottom heat.
Hardwood cuttings: Can be taken in late autumn, before severe frosts occur.
Growing a Bush Fuchsia
Begin training bushes as soon as the young plants have developed three sets of leaves.
- To form a bush, pinch (stop) the growing tip to stimulate two-to-four side-shoots to grow.
- Once these side-shoots have each developed two sets of leaves, stop the shoots to encourage bushiness.
- Repeat step two until the plant is as bushy as needed. Pinching out increases the potential number of blooms but delays actual flowering - flowers usually open six to eight weeks after you finish stopping.
Growing a Standard Fuchsia
It will take 18 months to achieve a full standard fuchsia and about six months for a quarter or mini standard.
- Leave the tip of a young fuchsia to grow and wait until side-shoots appear.
- Pinch out all the side-shoots, but do not remove the leaves on the main stem.
- Use a cane to support the plant and tie the stem at intervals along it.
- Repot as soon as the roots have started to fill the existing container. This will ensure that it grows upwards as quickly as possible.
- Continue until the desired length of stem has been reached.
- The recognised stem lengths for standard fuchsias are:
- Mini standard" 15-25cm (6-10in)
- Quarter standard" 25-45cm (10-18in)
- Half standard" 45-75cm (18in-2½ft)
- Full standard" 75cm-1m (2½-3¼ft)
- Allow a further three sets of leaves to develop, and then pinch out the tip. After this, training involves the same stopping procedures as for a bush (steps two and three).